Historical Facts about Stockholm

Ca 760 Vikings establish a trading centre at Birka, near today’s Stockholm.
Ca 1252 Stockholm is established by Birger Jarl as a fortified island defence outpost against Baltic pirates, commanding the trans shipment route between the Baltic Sea and Lake Mälaren.

1270 The Riddarholmskyrkan (Riddarholm Church), a Franciscan monastery and Stockholm’s oldest surviving building, is founded in the Old Town.

1306 Consecration of Stockholm’s oldest church (dedicated to St Nicholas), now part of Storkyrkan (Stockholm Cathedral).

1376 The image of St Eric (King Eric IX), patron saint and symbol of Stockholm, first appears on the city’s seal.

1400 Stockholm has about 5 000 inhabitants.

1471 Battle of Brunkeberg in Stockholm: Swedish rebels under Sten Sture defeat Danish King Christian I

1520 Stockholm Bloodbath: Danish King Christian II executes 82 Swedish noblemen in the Stortorget (Great Market), Old Town.

1520-23 War of Liberation from Denmark: Stockholm becomes the last bastion of Danish power and is besieged.

1524 Gustav Vasa (Gustav Eriksson) now king of Sweden enters Stockholm on 24 June after a long siege. Gustav II Adolf accedes to the Swedish throne; he soon makes Sweden a major European military power.

1628 The Royal warship Vasa sinks in Stockholm Harbour on its maiden voyage August, 10.

1634 Stockholm formally becomes the national capital of Sweden.

1710 A disastrous plague wipes out about one third of Stockholm’s population.

1754 The Swedish royal family move into the newly completed Royal Palace.

1833 Alfred Bernhard Nobel is born in Stockholm.

1849 Johan August Strindberg is born in the city.

1878 Stockholm College, later Stockholm University, begins giving classes

1896 Alfred Nobel dies, leaving a fortune to sponsor prizes in various disciplines, administered by Swedish academies and awarded in Stockholm every year with the Royal Family present.

1901 Stockholm is the venue for the award of the first Nobel Prizes.

1961 The Royal warship Wasa is raised from the bed of Stockholm Harbour after 333 years.

1989 Stockholm Globe Arena, currently the largest hemispherical building in the world is inaugurated.

1998 Stockholm is European City of Culture.
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